C7 (Vertebra Prominens)

The most caudal cervical vertebra — C7, or vertebra prominens has one specific feature — the long (compared to other cervical vertebrae) and usually non-splitted processus spinosus. This processus is so prominent, that it allow to localize vertebra by palpation.


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Lateral view of seventh cervical vertebra Markup for lateral view of seventh cervical vertebra
C7 (vertebra prominens). Side view.
The list of terms: Processus spinosus – Spinous process
Sulcus nervi spinalis – Groove for spinal nerve

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Top view of seventh cervical vertebra Markup for top view of seventh cervical vertebra
C7 or vertebra prominens. Superior aspect demonstrating long processus spinosus without splitted tip. Note the presence of accessory foramen transversarium on both sides which is relatively common anatomic variant with the reported prevalence ranging from 1.4% to 41.6%* in different ethnical groups.
The list of terms: Processus spinosus – Spinous process
Foramen transversarium
Foramen transversarium accessorium – Accessory foramen transversarium

  • * Quiles-Guiñau L, Gomez-Cabrero A, et al. Analysis of the cervical double transverse foramen in present Spanish population. Eur J Anat. 2016, 20(4):337–346.

  • Vertebra prominens. 360° rotation.